Professional Tree Pruning Services in Austin, Texas area
It is a must that every tree and shrub should be pruned or trimmed whenever necessary. With varying seasons and unpredictable climatic conditions in Texas, plants also go through specific chemical and physical changes in their mechanisms. The most obvious visible example: the flowering and non-flowering plants. Many believe the time for pruning is the dormant season, a period of inactiveness when most physiological functions are temporarily stopped. As much as this is true in certain cases, Value Tree Service, an Austin tree service company, considers it equally important to accept the fact that; when a tree is infected or looks weakened and the common first thought is ‘A good pruning might help!’, no harm in getting to it straight away after a professional’s advice. Call us today for tree risk assessment.
How do trees benefit from pruning?
- The foliage that grows back right after pruning is fresh and vibrant.
- Your tree or shrub gets a whole new vigor to carry out its functioning from scratch entirely uninfected! Conduction of minerals or nutrients to other parts of the plant through its vascular system reaches the target area undeterred.
- If you have in mind any new structure or shape for your tree or shrub, pruning is the best way to achieve it.
- Young tree pruning strengthens the growth and flowering ability of the plant.
- The best way to keep a check on low-lying branches, disproportionate trunk or limbs; is cutting them right when they are young.
How often should trees and shrubs be pruned?
As discussed earlier, the dormant season could be the ideal choice. However, some yellowing leaves, pathogens and fungal infections that are fond of your plants, might force you to prune them as and when needed. Pruning is the best way through which you practice close monitoring on plant growth and health.
How to prune trees?
Got any loppers, chainsaws that you would like to use? Do not be in a hurry, save them for use after you consult an arborist. Pruning without any knowledge about plant growth and healing process might leave permanent damage to your plant. Each plant responds differently to each cut. Where to cut the plant and how you cut them is highly essential during the processes of healing and restoration. Any help that you require around this subject, contact Value Tree Service. Our ISA certified arborists who offer the best tree services in Austin are sure enough to do that for you.
Each tree species responds to wounds and cuts differently. They heal injuries either through compartmentalization or barrier zones. In compartmentalization, the injured tissue is isolated with new growth. In barrier zones, chemical and physical boundaries are set around the wound. Open wounds are again the most convenient invitation for fungal, other pathogenic infections and insects. A good wood paint or sealant is necessary to seal open wounds post-pruning. And if you happen to prune live or healthy parts, it poses extra stress on them and that is why we emphasize on Austin’s best professional tree removal and pruning skill.
What are the different cuts in pruning?
In addition to the different types in pruning, there are also different cuts. It is a step by step process when you prune limbs or branches; this is how the experts do it to prune branches.
- Cutting the branches right: For the first cut, you undercut the limb about feet or two away from the trunk. In cases of younger trees or smaller branches, the concept of cutting the limb halfway through remains the same.
- Leave the stub: As the second cut, chop the remaining portion of the limb and leave behind the stub.
- Remove the stub: The third cut is to remove the stub, ensuring not to touch the branch collar, however (the slightly bulbous portion between limb base and tree trunk).
- Drop-crotch: A thinning method that reduces the size of the tree without altering its natural shape. In drop-crotch cut, one of the limbs that join in a ‘U’ or ‘V’ crotch is pruned.
Types of Pruning
The following types of pruning methods are offered by Value Tree Service:
One of the most common techniques in pruning is Crown or Canopy Raising. This pruning method offers both convenience and aesthetic view. In canopy raising, the lower branches are cut, thereby opening up more area around the lower trunk region and simultaneously adding more crown density to the upper part. You benefit from uninterrupted lower tree limbs and you also add a healthy vegetation visually. Those who wish to build a uniform crown height and look, usually opt for this pruning technique.
Quite contrary to canopy raising, in Crown Thinning, as the name suggests, the tree crown and branches are pruned to make the crown, less dense. This pruning technique allows more light and air flow between the branches. You can also observe that pest population drastically decreases. This is a commonly followed technique in trees with broad or large leaves, where light passage and air flow might be restricted. Moreover, crown thinning does not alter the tree size or shape when pruned.
Growing trees within limited space is achieved through Crown Reduction. It is a pruning technique where the entire crown or foliage bearing branches are removed to keep the tree contained within a certain height. Purposes of this method includes; implementing mechanical stress on individual branches that signals the tree to adapt itself to its immediate environment, as a remedy for unskilled pruning or cutting, to reduce loss of light, to reduce effects of shading and to remove heavy limbs. Crown reduction is not a suitable pruning method for all species. It is wise to consult with a qualified arborist before you choose this option.
Cleaning your tree from those foreign agents that cause harm is called Crown Cleaning. Here, the diseased, decaying, dying or infected branches in the crown are methodically removed. Most plant infections might have stemmed from an open injury or wound. A common example of this: epicormic branches (also called as water sprouts or suckers). Epicormic buds that lie dormant under the main tree trunk, gain rapid growth and become active shoots (only when the higher parts of the plant is injured or damaged) or when these buds gain access to more light. Prompt removal of epicormic branches would encourage and enhance the growth of the dominant trunk and branches.
In this pruning technique, the crown is pruned to restore tree shape, size and appearance. Crown Restoration is a method to remedy the damage caused to the tree, either due to bad weather, disease or unskilled pruning. The entire crown is consistently pruned to restore and improve its appearance and stimulate new growth.
Unruly and thirsty roots are the trouble makers here who are in need of pruning. Roots that grow far too strong and have uprooted pavements disrupted utility lines, grown towards water lines and pools; are pruned with a skill to rectify the problem with limited damage. Root pruning requires a lot of skill, experience and regular observation to keep a watchful eye on root growth. See root collar exposure for further details.
Pruning trees to remove dying or hanging limbs that pose a threat.
Line clearance is pruning those tree limbs that interfere with power lines, cable, fences, roofs or other utilities.
A technique followed on young trees to enhance and encourage strong limb growth.